Lando + BLT + Acquia
Acquia BLT is the Acquia Build Launch Tool (BLT). It can be a paradigm shift for many Drupal developers, but the idea is that your
production environment is an artifact of development. In brief, that is to say you need different things in your
dev environment than what you need to run the
production web application. BLT helps us embody this workflow by providing a build and deploy pipeline where we have all the tools we need and love in
dev and with a simple
lando blt deploy command the
production artifact is generated, sanitized, and delivered to the Acquia Cloud. Awesome!
Init the Lando BLT Lightning App
Make a directory for your new app and
cd into it. Then, use the
lando init command to get going:
lando init -r drupal8
Edit the resulting
.lando.yml file and add the
tooling key. This will make Lando aware of the
blt command inside the app.
name: lando-lightning recipe: drupal8 config: webroot: lightning/docroot tooling: blt: service: appserver cmd: /usr/bin/blt
Start the app.
Get a BLT Lightning App Codebase
Install a BLT Lightning project with
lando composer create-project --no-interaction acquia/blt-project lightning
Change directories into the new
Tell BLT about your Acquia Cloud app by setting the
machine_name in the
blt/project.yml file to match the
machine_name of your Acquia app from the dashboard. Also, make sure to use the
lightning profile by checking that the line
name: lightning indicates the
lightning distribution. It should by default, but if it does not you should change it.
project: machine_name: landolightning prefix: BLT human_name: 'Lando BLT Lightning' profile: name: lightning
Hook up the Lando command we defined earlier in
.lando.yml to the
blt executable cli tool wyth a symlink:
lando ssh -u root -c "ln -s /app/lightning/vendor/acquia/blt/bin/blt /usr/bin/blt"
Check that Lando has access to run
lando blt help
You should see
help output similar to:
decoupled (master) $ lando blt help [warning] The xDebug extension is loaded. This will significantly decrease performance. Usage: help [options] [--] <command> [<command_name>] Arguments: command The command to execute command_name The command name [default: "help"] Options: --format=FORMAT The output format (txt, xml, json, or md) [default: "txt"] --raw To output raw command help -h, --help Display this help message -q, --quiet Do not output any message -V, --version Display this application version --ansi Force ANSI output --no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, --no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question -y, --yes Answer all confirmations with "yes" -D, --define=DEFINE Define a configuration item value. (multiple values allowed) -v|vv|vvv, --verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug Help: The help command displays help for a given command: php /usr/bin/blt help list You can also output the help in other formats by using the --format option: php /usr/bin/blt help --format=xml list To display the list of available commands, please use the list command.
Install Drupal via
First, you have to change your database credentials. Open the file
sites/default/settings/local.settings.php and update the creds like so:
/** * Database configuration. */ $databases = array( 'default' => array( 'default' => array( 'database' => 'drupal8', 'username' => 'drupal8', 'password' => 'drupal8', 'host' => 'database', 'port' => '3306', 'namespace' => 'Drupal\\Core\\Database\\Driver\\mysql', 'driver' => 'mysql', 'prefix' => '', ), ), );
Now that the database creds are set, we are ready to install the site. Run:
lando blt setup
During this step,
drush will output a random
password. Make note of those so you can use them to login to your new site, or you can login with
lando drush uli to generate a one-time login link.
Create or edit the
sites/default/local.drushrc.php file to get nice URL output from
drush uli add this line:
$options['uri'] = "https://[LANDO-BLT].lndo.site";
LANDO-BLT with the name of your app from the
project.yml to Deploy to Acquia Cloud
lightning/blt/project.yml file. Find the
git key and add your Acquia git URL as a remote. Should look similar to this:
git: default_branch: master remotes: - email@example.com:landolightning.git
git URL with a URL from your Acquia Cloud dashboard.
Deploy to Acquia Cloud
Now deploying to Acquia cloud is as simple as one command:
lando blt deploy. This will run the build process, generate your production artifact, and push it to Acquia Cloud! 💯;
It will prompt you for a few options:
lightning (master) $ lando blt deploy [warning] The xDebug extension is loaded. This will significantly decrease performance. Typically, you would only create a tag if you currently have a tag checked out on your source repository. Would you like to create a tag? (y/n) n Enter a valid commit message [Adding memow module to landolightning.] Enter the branch name for the deployment artifact [master-build] master
By default the Acquia Cloud dev instance is on the
master branch so in the above prompts you specify that (if you want it to deploy out to that environment).
Some Useful BLT Commands at your Finger Tips
Try any or all of these commands:
# list targets lando blt # validate code via phpcs, php lint, composer validate, etc. lando blt validate # run phpunit tests lando blt tests:phpunit # ssh into vm & run behat tests lando blt tests:behat # diagnose issues lando blt doctor # download & require a new project lando composer require drupal/ctools:^8.3.0 # build a deployment artifact lando blt deploy:build # build artifact and deploy to git.remotes lando blt deploy # update BLT lando composer update acquia/blt --with-dependencies
Visit the Acquia BLT Documentation to see the full power of the BLT system.
⚡ Selecting the right tools can make your life easier; your app more stable; your clients happier. Everyone is a winner! Combine the best-in-breed tools from local dev with Lando to powerful scalable hosting with Acquia Cloud. ⚡