Killer D8 Workflow Using Lando and Platform.sh
At Tandem we are super serious about designing (and using) best-practice development worklows that:
- Use build processes
- Allow many developers to easily collaborate
- Are consistent from project to project
- Facilitate peer code review
- Automatically spin up QA environments for manual testing
- Automate common linting, code standard, unit and functional tests
- Provide some automated mechanism for deployment to production
- Deploy changes to production often
Good workflows that do the above almost always provide substantial time (read: $$$) savings during development. Not to mention they also produce a less frustrating collaborative experience for developers.
Of course, the downside of implementing these complex workflows is that they themselves also take a considerable amount of time to set up. Good automation and tight integration between disparate systems ain't easy, or cheap.
That's why we've developed a couple of easy-to-get-rolling ways to kickstart your dev workflow, including a killer one for Drupal 8 that uses:
- Lando - For Docker/container based local development
- GitHub - For
gitrepo management and GitHub Flow
- Platform.sh - For awesome hosting and manual QA environments
- Travis CI - For automated testing
You can jump straight to the full example now, or continue reading these step-by-step instructions on how to get yourself spun up on this awesome dev workflow.
What You'll Need
Before you kick off, you'll need to make sure you have a few things:
- Lando installed
- A GitHub account (ideally with your SSH key(s) added)
- A Platform.sh account with your SSH key(s) added
- A Travis CI account
- (Optional) Git installed *
- (Optional) ZenHub for Kanban style issue management in GitHub
- If you don't want to (or can't) install git separately, you can edit the tooling section of your
.lando.ymlthat contains the git routes. If you do this, you can then run git commands using
lando git, no other installation necessary.
1. Setup GitHub
Visit this start state on GitHub and fork the project to your own organization or account. Then
git clone the repo, and
cd into it.
git clone https://github.com/thinktandem/platformsh-example-drupal8.git MYSITENAME cd MYSITENAME
Keep this terminal window active because you are going to need to need it for subsequent steps.
2. Setup Platform.sh
Login to Platform.sh and create a new project through the Platform.sh user interface. After naming your site select "Import your existing code". Then follow the instructions on the next slide to import your forked repository. It should be something like this:
# Add Platform's git repo as a remote, replacing "PLATFORMID" with the ID from your own platform's `git clone` command. git remote add platform PLATFORMID@git.us.platform.sh:PLATFORMID.git # Push your GitHub repo to Platform. git push -u platform master # Optionally, remove the Platform remote so that you do not accidentally deploy from local to production! git remote remove platform
At this point it's probably a good idea to browse your site on Platform.sh and go through the Drupal 8 installation process to get your DB dialed in.
3. Start up Lando locally, then connect Platform.sh with GitHub
Let's start by spinning up a local copy of our Platform.sh site with Lando.
This should spin up the services to run your app (eg
mariabdb) and the tools you'll need to begin developing (eg
drupal console). This command will automatically download and install a bunch of dependencies the first time you run it, but when it is done you should end up with some vanity URLs you can use to visit your new local site.
cd /path/to/my/repo lando start
If you are interested in tweaking your setup check out the comments in your app's
.lando.yml. Or you can augment your Lando spin up with additional services or tools by checking out the advanced Lando docs.
Login to Platform
Now that you've got your Platform.sh site rolling locally with Lando let's login to Platform.sh using the
platform cli that Lando installed for you.
# This should prompt you for a username and password lando platform # Verify the login lando platform auth:info # Get the ID for your site # Copy this somewhere for now so you can use it when you comment # Replace "Workflow Demo" with what you named your site in Step 2. # Your site ID will be the string between the first set of pipes lando platform projects | grep "Workflow Demo"
Connect to GitHub
Use the Platform.sh
PROJECT_ID you grabbed in the step above and go through the setup documented here.
lando platform integration:add \ --type=github \ --project=PROJECT_ID \ --token=GITHUB-USER-TOKEN \ --repository=USER/REPOSITORY \ --build-pull-requests=true \ --fetch-branches=true
Once you paste the
webhook url into GitHub, your Platform.sh instance will track against your GitHub repo.
CAUTION, THIS MEANS THAT YOUR MASTER BRANCH IS NOW DEPLOYABLE!!!.
As a result, it is an EXTREMELY GOOD IDEA to enable branch protection for your
master branch so that people cannot merge to it directly unless appropriate status checks have passed.
Optionally Pull DB to Local
You can also import your Platform.sh DB locally:
# Use the platform.sh CLI to export your database cd /path/to/repo/root lando platform db:dump --gzip --file=dump.sql.gz --project=PROJECT_ID --environment=master # Import the DB with Lando lando db-import dump.sql.gz # Remove the DB dump to be safe rm -f dump.sql.gz
If you refresh your local site you should now see what you see on your Platform.sh instance.
4. Setup Travis CI
You will want to start by doing Steps 1 and 2 in the Travis getting started docs. We already have a pre-baked
.travis.yml file for you so you don't need to worry about that unless you want to tweak it.
Then you will want to visit your Platform.sh account settings page and generate an API Token. Make sure you copy the token for the next step because you will only see it once!
Finally, set the following environment variable via the Travis UI.
PLATFORMSH_CLI_TOKEN=TOKEN_YOU_GENERATED PLATFORMSH_PROJECT_ID=PROJECT_ID (the same id you used for previous steps)
Trying Things Out
Let's go through a GitHub flow example!
This is a trivial example which deploys all merges into the
master branch to the production environment. You can configure more complicated workflows (eg a
test environment) when you spin up your Platform.sh site but we think this configuration helps maximize continuous delivery.
1. Set up a topic branch
# Go into the repo cd /path/to/my/github/repo # Checkout master and retrieve the latest and greatest git checkout master git pull origin master # Spin up a well named topic branch eg ISSUE_NUMBER-DESCRIPTION git checkout -b 123-fixes-that-thing
2. Do the dev, commit and push the codes
# Do some awesome dev # Git commit with a message that matches the issue number git add -A git commit -m "#123: Describing what I did to fix that thing." # Push the branch to GitHub git push origin 123-fixes-that-thing
- Check out the Lando Reference section below for some tips on how to run tests before you push. This can save a lot of time and reduce the potential shame you feel for getting bounced by the automated QA and having to make a second commit enshrining your failure.
3. Open a PR and do manual and automated testing
Begin by opening a pull request. This will trigger the spin up of a QA environment for manual testing and a Travis build for automated testing.
Here is an example PR with:
When you are satisfied with the above, and any additional QA steps like manual code review you can merge the pull request. This will deploy the feature to production.
You should definitely check out the Lando docs for a full sweep on its capabilities, but here are some helpers for this particular config. YOU PROBABLY WANT TO
LANDO START YOUR APP BEFORE YOU DO MOST OF THESE THINGS.
Unless otherwise indicated, these should all be run from your repo root (eg the directory that contains the
.lando.yml for your site).
# List all available Lando commands for this app lando # Start my site lando start # Stop my site lando stop # Restart my site lando restart # Get important connection info lando info # Other helpful things # Rebuild all containers and build process steps lando rebuild # Destroy the containers and tools for this app lando destroy # Get info on Lando service logs lando logs # Get a publically accessible URL. (Run `lando info` to see the proper localhost address) lando share -u http://localhost:32813 # "SSH" into the appserver lando ssh # Run help to get more info lando ssh -- --help
# Run Composer things lando composer install lando composer update # Run PHP things lando php -v lando php -i # Run Drush commands (replace "web" if you've moved your webroot to a different subdirectory) cd web lando drush status lando drush cr # Run Drupal Console commands (replace "web" if you've moved your webroot to a different subdirectory) cd web lando drupal
# Lint your code lando phplint # Run PHPCS commands lando phpcs # Check drupal code standards lando phpcs --config-set installed_paths /app/vendor/drupal/coder/coder_sniffer lando phpcs -n --report=full --standard=Drupal --ignore=*.tpl.php --extensions=install,module,php,inc web/modules web/themes web/profiles # Run PHPunit commands (replace "web" if you've moved your webroot to a different subdirectory) cd web lando phpunit # Run some PHPunit tests lando phpunit -c core --testsuite unit --exclude-group Composer # Run Behat commands lando behat # Run some Behat tests lando behat --config=/app/tests/behat-lando.yml
# List Platform commands lando platform list # Login to Platform lando platform login # Import a database from master lando platform db:dump --gzip --file=dump.sql.gz --project=PROJECT_ID --environment=master lando db-import dump.sql.gz rm -f dump.sql.gz